Indoor Localization by using Particle Filtering Approach with Wireless Sensor Nodes

Published online: Mar 23, 2013
Full Text: PDF (1.17 MiB)
DOI: 10.24138/jcomss.v9i1.159
Authors:
Hakan Koyuncu, Ahmet Çevik

Abstract

Jennic type wireless sensor nodes are utilized together with a novel particle filtering technique for indoor localization. Target objects are localized with an accuracy of around 0.25 meters. The proposed technique introduces a new particle generation and distribution technique to improve current estimation of object positions. Particles are randomly distributed around the object in the sensing area within a circular strip of 2 STD of object distance measurements. Particle locations are related to object locations by using Gaussian weight distribution methods. Object distances from the transmitters are determined by using received RSSI values and ITU-R indoor propagation model. Measured object distances are used together with the particle distances from the transmitters to predict the object locations.

Keywords

Wireless sensor node (WSN), received signal strength indicator (RSSI), Gaussian weight distribution, Standard deviation (STD), Particle Filter, cumulative distribution
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