Space-Time Coding: an OverviewPublished online: Apr 5, 2017
This work provides an overview of the fundamental aspects and of some recent advances in space-time coding (STC). Basic information theoretic results on Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) fading channels, pertaining to capacity, diversity, and to the optimal Diversity Multiplexing Tradeoff (DMT), are reviewed. The code design for the quasi-static, outage limited, fading channel is recognized as the most challenging and innovative with respect to traditional “Gaussian” coding. Then, a survey of STC constructions is presented. This culminates with the description of families of codes that are optimal with respect to the DMT criterion and have error performance that is very close to the information theoretic limits. The paper concludes with some important recent topics, including open problems in STC design.
KeywordsSpace-Time Coding, MIMO systems, fading channels, Diversity-Multiplexing Tradeoff
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