Monopoly-Market-Based Cooperation in Cognitive Radio NetworksPublished online: Nov 3, 2020
In a cognitive radio network (CRN), the primary users (PUs) do not operate their spectra, full time. Thus, they can sell them to the secondary users (SUs), for a second use, during the free time slots. In this article, we assume that the market is perfect, monopolized by a single PU, and all players are rational. After formulating the PU’s profit, we established a necessary and sufficient condition that guarantees the introduction of the PU into the market. In addition, the expressions of the SUs’ profits, showed us that in non-cooperative form, some ones got zero profit, even after maximizing their profits. Therefore, we have considered to study the effect of cooperation on the profits of this category of SUs. By following this step, we established a cooperation strategy, to avoid zero profits for all SUs. In order to analyze the impact of this cooperation on the PU, we have expressed the profits of the PU in the cooperative and non-cooperative forms; as result, we found that the cooperation between SUs brought better than the non-cooperative form.
Keywordscognitive radio networks, economic game, cooperation, non-cooperation, monopoly market, primary user, secondary users
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