Target Coordinates Estimation by Passive Radar with a Single non-Cooperative Transmitter and a Single Receiver

Published online: May 4, 2020 Full Text: PDF (1.51 MiB) DOI: 10.24138/jcomss.v16i2.984
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Ali Kazem, Adnan Malki, Anas M. Almanofi


Passive radar is a bistatic radar that detects and tracks targets by processing reflections from non-cooperative transmitters. Due to the bistatic geometry for this radar, a target can be localized in Cartesian coordinates by using one of the following bistatic geometries: multiple non-cooperative transmitters and a single receiver, or a single non-cooperative transmitter and multiple receivers, whereas the diversity of receivers or non-cooperative transmitters leads to extra signal processing and a ghost target phenomenon. To mitigate these two disadvantages, we present a new method to estimate Cartesian coordinates of a target by a passive radar system with a single non-cooperative transmitter and a single receiver. This method depends on the ability of the radar receiver to analyze a signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and estimate two arrival angles for the target’s echo signal. The proposed passive radar system is simulated with a Digital Video Broadcasting-Terrestrial (DVB-T) transmitter, and the simulation results show the efficiency of this system compared with results of other researches.


passive radar, target coordinates, single non-cooperative transmitter, single receiver, arrival angles, signal-to-noise ratio
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