A Level-Wise Periodic Tree Construction Mechanism for Sleep Scheduling in WSNPublished online: Jun 8, 2020
The wireless sensor network(WSN) has been extensively used to monitor and control the natural ecosystem on a large scale like air quality, natural life, etc. Low battery power,low storage, and limited processing ability are the most critical areas of concern in WSN. To reduce energy utilization, the sensor nodes in WSN work in a cyclic process between active and sleep mode. A certain number of nodes are chosen active and they areresponsible for sensing as well as data transmission and rest of the nodes are gone to sleep. In order to lengthen the lifetime of network, in this paper we proposed a level wise periodic tree construction algorithm that uses a specific set of nodes to participate in tree construction, instead of all the nodes, to minimize the energy consumption. In this proposed approach, the main idea is to put the nodes, which are currently active and have already spent a significant amount of energy, to sleep mode, while giving chances to the leaf nodes, which has comparatively spent less energy, to become an active node and maintain connectivity. The performance of the proposed protocol is evaluated usingthe Castalia simulator. The simulation results show that the proposed level-wise periodic tree construction approach increases the durability of the network in conjunction with the non-level approach.
Keywordswireless sensor network, Sleep scheduling, energy efficiency, Hierarchical Structure
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