Parameter Tuning for Scalable Multi-Resource Server Consolidation in Cloud SystemsPublished online: Mar 15, 2017
Infrastructure as a Service cloud providers are increasingly relying on scalable and efficient Virtual Machines (VMs) placement as the main solution for reducing unnecessary costs and wastes of physical resources. However, the continuous growth of the size of cloud data centers poses scalability challenges to find optimal placement solutions. The use of heuristics and simplified server consolidation models that partially discard information about the VMs behavior represents the typical approach to guarantee scalability, but at the expense of suboptimal placement solutions. A recently proposed alternative approach, namely Class-Based Placement (CBP), divides VMs in classes with similar behavior in terms of resource usage, and addresses scalability by considering a small-scale server consolidation problem that is replicated as a building block for the whole data center. However, the server consolidation model exploited by the CBP technique suffers from two main limitations. First, it considers only one VM resource (CPU) for the consolidation problem. Second, it does not analyze the impact of the number (and size) of building blocks to consider. Many small building blocks may reduce the overall VMs placement solution quality due to fragmentation of the physical server resources over blocks. On the other hand, few large building blocks may become computationally expensive to handle and may be unsolvable due to the problem complexity. This paper extends the CBP server consolidation model to take into account multiple resources. Furthermore, we analyze the impact of block size on the performance of the proposed consolidation model, and we present and compare multiple strategies to estimate the best number of blocks. Our proposal is validated through experimental results based on a real cloud computing data center.
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