Optimal Configuration of Distributed Generation on Jeju Island Power Grid Using Genetic Algorithm: A Case StudyPublished online: Jun 23, 2014
With the rapid development of wind turbine, photovoltaic and battery technologies, renewable energy resources such as wind and solar become the most common distributed generations (DG) that are being integrated into microgrids. One key impediment is to determine the sizes and placements of DGs within which the microgrid can achieve its maximum potential benefits. The objective of the paper is to study and propose an approach to find the optimal sizes and placements of DGs in a microgrid. The authors propose a comprehensive objective function with practical constraints which take all the important factors that will impact the reliability of the power grid into account. To solve the optimization problem, genetic algorithm (GA) is used and compared with a mathematical optimization method nonlinear programming. The proposed model is tested on a real microgrid, i.e. Jeju Island, to evaluate and validate the performances of the approach. The simulation results present the optimal configuration of DGs for Jeju Island power grid. The analysis on results shows that GA maintains a delicate balance between performance and complexity. It is concluded that GA performs better not only in accuracy, stability, but also in computation time.
Keywordsdistributed generation, optimization, genetic algorithm
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