Power Saving Techniques in 5G Technology for Multiple-Beam Communications

Published online: Jun 30, 2023 Full Text: PDF (2.03 MiB) DOI: 10.24138/jcomss-2023-0056
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Olimpjon Shurdi, Alban Rakipi, Algenti Lala


The evolution of mobile technology and computation systems enables User Equipment (UE) to manage tremendous amounts of data transmission. As a result of current 5G technology, several types of wireless traffic in millimeter wave bands can be transmitted at high data rates with ultra-reliable and small latency communications. The 5G networks rely on directional beamforming and mmWave uses to overcome propagation and losses during penetration. To align the best beam pairs and achieve high data rates, beam-search operations are used in 5G. This combined with multibeam reception and high-order modulation techniques deteriorates the battery power of the UE. In the previous 4G radio mobile system, Discontinuous Reception (DRX) techniques were successfully used to save energy. To reduce the energy consumption and latency of multiple-beam 5G radio communications, we will propose in this paper the DRX Beam Measurement technique (DRX-BM). Based on the power-saving factor analysis and the delayed response, we will model DRX-BM into a semi-Markov process to reduce the tracking time. Simulations in MATLAB are used to assess the effectiveness of the proposed model and avoid unnecessary time spent on beam search. Furthermore, the simulation indicates that our proposed technique makes an improvement and saves 14% on energy with a minimum delay.


User Equipment (UE), Discontinuous Reception (DRX), beamforming, multiple-beam communication
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