Comparison of Similarity Measures for Trajectory Clustering - Aviation Use Case

Published online: Jun 30, 2023 Full Text: PDF (2.39 MiB) DOI:
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Marija Todoric, Toni Mastelic


Various distance-based clustering algorithms have been reported, but the core component of all of them is a similarity or distance measure for classification of data. Rather than setting the priority to comparison of the performance of different clustering algorithms, it may be worthy to analyze the influence of different similarity measures on the results of clustering algorithms. The main contribution of this work is a comparative study of the impact of 9 similarity measures on similarity-based trajectory clustering using DBSCAN algorithm for commercial flight dataset. The novelty in this comparison is exploring the robustness of the clustering algorithm with respect to algorithm parameter. We evaluate the accuracy of clustering, accuracy of anomaly detection, algorithmic efficiency, and we determine the behavior profile for each measure. We show that DTW and Frechet distance lead to the best clustering results, while LCSS and Hausdorff Cosine should be avoided for this task.


similarity measure, Clustering, comparison, aviation
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