Extending the Lifetime of Wireless Sensor Networks Based on an Improved Multi-objective Artificial Bees Colony Algorithm

Published online: Sep 8, 2022 Full Text: PDF (2.82 MiB) DOI: 10.24138/jcomss-2022-0055
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Salima Nebti, Mohammed Redjimi


Reducing the sensors' energy expenditure to prolong the network lifespan as long as possible remains a fundamental problem in the field of wireless networks. Particularly in applications with inaccessible environments, which impose crucial constraints on sensor replacement. It is, therefore, necessary to design adaptive routing protocols, taking into account the environmental constraints and the limited energy of sensors. To have an energy-efficient routing protocol, a new cluster heads’ (CHs) selection strategy using a modified multi-objective artificial bees colony (MOABC) optimization is defined. The modified MOABC is based on the roulette wheel selection over non-dominated solutions of the repository (hyper-cubes) in which a rank is assigned to each hypercube based on its density in dominated solutions of the current iteration and then a random food source is elected by roulette from the densest hypercube. The proposed work aims to find the optimal set of CHs based on their residual energies to ensure an optimal balance between the nodes' energy consumption. The achieved results proved that the proposed MOABC-based protocol considerably outperforms recent studies and well-known energy-efficient protocols, namely: LEACH, C-LEACH, SEP, TSEP, DEEC, DDEEC, and EDEEC in terms of energy efficiency, stability, and network lifespan extension.


Wireless Sensor Networks, multi-objective optimization, artificial bee’s colony optimization, network lifetime extension
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